Alfonso XI

In terms of modern warfare Alfonso XI has written:

“Muslims of the city would hurl resounding objects and aplesized iron shells. These shells covered such a long distance that they hit the enemy ranks directly and at times fell beyond the lines.”

This statement makes it clear beyond a doubt that when the Muslims used artillery and gunpowder the Christians were unaware of all these things.
The History of Islam Vol. 3, Akbar Shah Najeebabadi, Darussalam First Edition: April 2001. P. 220

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