Comments from As-Suhayli and An-Nawawi

Narrated ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) returned from the battle of Al-Ahzab (Clans), he said to us, “No one is offer the ‘Asr Prayer but at Bani Quraydhah. To some of us the ‘Asr prayer was due on the way. Some of us decided not to pray but at Bani Quraydhah, while some others decided to pray on the spot and said that the intention of the Prophet (peace be upon him) was not what the former party understood. And when that was told to the Prophet (peace be upon him) he did not blame anyone of them.

As-Suhayli said: Each person practicing independent reasoning in matters outside the fundamentals of lsIam is correct. For a single issue, there could be more than one sound independent reasoning. lt is possible that this independent reasoning could be sound for one person, but incorrect for another. A person may independently reason that a certain issue was right and he may be right about it. Another person may independently reason that the same issue was forbidden and he may also have his evidence. Each of them is correct from his own point of view. But it does not necessarily mean that they are in fact correct about the same issue.

An-Nawawi said: This does not mean that each person who practices independent reasoning is right, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) did explicitly state that any group was correct about independent reasoning. He simply did not blame any them. Undoubtedly the person practicing independent reasoning is not blamed even if he arrived at a wrong opinion because he has exerted his utmost effort. This sounds more reasonable.

Study of Hadeeth Texts 2, Translation of Al-Manhal al-Hadeeth fi Sharh al-Hadeeth, Musa Shahin Lashin, English Translation: Nancy Eweiss/Dalal Gimi’i, American Open University, pp. 50 and 54

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